Cover of: Diagnosis of dilatation of the stomach | William Pepper Jr, M.D.

Diagnosis of dilatation of the stomach

  • 32 Pages
  • 4.55 MB
  • English
[Lea & Febiger] , [Philadelphia, PA]
Stomach, Diseases, Diag
Other titlesAmerican journal of the medical sciences. 1897.
Statementby William Pepper and Alfred Stengel
ContributionsStengel, Alfred, 1868-1939, University of Glasgow. Library
The Physical Object
Format[electronic resource] /
Pagination32 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25657347M

National Library of Medicine Rockville Pike. Copyright FOIA Privacy. NLM Support Center Accessibility Careers. This is an indication of a lack of hydrochloric acid. Where dilation is found to exist, chemical analysis of the stomach shows a deficiency in hydrochloric acid; lemons, or sour fruits of any kind, will assist the stomach in digesting foods, but the amount of food taken must be limited.

Surgery is. Sometimes STOMACH, DILATATION OF / immense quantities of blackish-brown or greenishbrown fluid flow effortlessly from the mouth and nostrils.

The dilatation itself is of the nature of an acute paralysis of the stomach. Diagnosis is confirmed, and indeed treatment initiated, by the passage of a stomach tube which deflates the gastric Author: Harold Ellis.

History. To Hilton Fagge is ascribed the credit of first describing the clinical phenomena of acute dilatation of the stomach. It might be well to record that about the yearChomel is reputed to have described the “bruit de clapotage,” and Kuessmaul is awarded the credit for inventing the stomach pump about the same : W.

Hart. Dilatation of the stomach usually results from some obstruction to the passage of food into the intestine. This may be due to contraction of the pyloric opening, or to inactivity of the muscular walls of the stomach, which do not contract with sufficient force to expel the contents of the organ.

Massive gastric dilatation with necrosis and rupture is a very rare event. Here we describe the case of a year-old girl with acute gastric dilatation, infarction, necrosis and perforation. Differential diagnosis of a dilated fetal stomach includes duodenal atresia or stenosis, malrotation with midgut volvulus, duodenal duplication, and antral duplication.

Pyloric atresia can be associated with epidermolysis bullosa, a serious and often fatal skin condition that has autosomal recessive inheritance. Symptoms.-The symptoms which have been mentioned as characteristic of dyspepsia are usually present in dilatation of the stomach.

In addition there may be a decided and persistent promi­ nence over the region of the stomach, and extending downward in the abdomen.

Synonyms.—Gastrectasis; Gastrectasia. Definition.—An acute or chronic enlargement of the gastric cavity by over-distention, resulting in the retention, for a long' period, of food and the products of digestion. Etiology.—Dilatation of the stomach may occur either as an acute or chronic condition, though the former is the more dilatation is the result of enormously dilating.

the presence of acute dilatation of the stomach. The passage of a nasogastric tube whenever significant quantities of gastric secretions are found in the oropharynx during anaesthesia seems appropriate, both to exclude the diagnosis of acute dilatation of the stomach, and to reduce the likelihood of pulmonary aspiration.

REFERENCES. The size of the normal stomach must vary almost from hour to hour, and its form and position alter greatly according to the position of the body, whether erect or reclining. Where great dilatation is present, such as results from marked stenosis of the pylorus, the signs and symptoms are very obvious.

Stomach dilation, more commonly know as Twisted Stomach, Gastric Torsion or GDV, is a disease that is caused by an accumulation of gas and liquid within the are various factors that also cause the accumulation of gases in the stomach.

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Gastric emphysema: linear streaks of gas within the stomach wall: An abdominal plainfilm from a 41 year-old female with nausea, vomiting, and abdominal distension demonstrates prominent gastric dilatation. Note that the stomach extends into the pelvis. A nasogastric tube was placed with prompt decompression and resolution of symptoms.

On the Diagnosis of Cancer and of Simple Dilatation of the Stomach. On the Diagnosis of Cancer and of Simple Dilatation of the Stomach Bristol Med Chir J (). Sep;13(49) Author J Michell Clarke 1 Affiliation 1 Physician to the Bristol.

The stomach was opened and there was general sloughing of the gastric mucosa with bleeding from almost all points within the stomach. Despite attempts at gastric packing he died on the table. Multidisciplinary team consensus was that despite the initial misdiagnosis the management was correct in light of impending perforation.

Gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV), also known as gastric dilation, twisted stomach, or gastric torsion, is a medical condition that affects dogs in which the stomach becomes overstretched and rotated by excessive gas content.

The word bloat is often used as a general term to mean gas distension without stomach torsion (a normal change after eating), or to refer to GDV. Bloat is a generic term for distention of the abdomen. This is sometimes used interchangeably with a disease called Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus, but a bloated abdomen does not always indicate this condition.

Here we’ll discuss a few common symptoms and causes for the appearance of a bloated stomach in dogs. The diagnosis of pyloric obstruction was based on the clinical assessment of the patient and roentgen evidence of gastric dilatation and food and fluid retention. Cases which demonstrated gastric dilatation and hyperperistalsis without fluid retention (compensated pyloric obstruction) were excluded.

For diagnosis of acute gastric dilatation, plain abdominal films may reveal an air-fluid level in a markedly distended stomach without small bowel gas shadows.

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The most useful diagnostic investigation is an abdominal CT scan that can clearly demonstrate gastric distension [ 7 ]. Non-specific and misleading symptoms and signs may delay the diagnosis of intermittent, subacute volvulus. Imaging studies performed in the well interval may be non-diagnostic.

Elevated creatine kinase and aldolase of a non-cardiac cause and endoscopic findings of ischaemic ulceration and difficulty in negotiating the pylorus may raise the.

ICDCM Diagnosis Code K Other specified functional intestinal disorders. - New Code Billable/Specific Code. Applicable To. Atony of colon; gastric - see Dilatation, stomach; heart (acute) (chronic) - see also Hypertrophy, cardiac.

congenital Q ICDCM Diagnosis Code Q Dilation of the stomach results from accumulation of gas and/or fluid, and volvulus prevents the normal release of these contents.

During volvulus, the pylorus and duodenum first migrate ventrally and cranially. Viewed from a caudal to cranial direction, the stomach may rotate from 90° to ° in a clockwise fashion about the distal esophagus.

The RYGB branch reported a total of 11 (% ± %) complications, of which 2 (% ± %) were reported as acute gastric dilation of the remnant. Conclusions: Acute gastric dilation of the post-RYGB remnant is a rare complication, but it can be serious.

It is necessary to have a high suspicion to obtain an early diagnosis and treatment. K is a billable/specific ICDCM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes. The edition of ICDCM K became effective on October 1, This is the American ICDCM version of K - other. A major complication of the LAGB is a ‘slip’ or migration of its position on the stomach.

This diagnosis is important because it may put the patient at risk for gastric necrosis or perforation and typically requires urgent surgical management. It is important to differentiate a slipped band from gastric pouch dilation, which can bemanaged.

Stomach dilatation: Related Topics. These medical condition or symptom topics may be relevant to medical information for Stomach dilatation: Stomach; Stomach symptoms ( causes) Stomach disease; Stomach disorder; Stomach pain (49 causes) Dilatation.

Terms associated with Stomach dilatation: The following terms can be used for Stomach dilatation. Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV) Diagnosis. A common ailment among German Shepherds is bloat, or gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV). This is a life threatening condition where the stomach rotates on its axis, cutting off the passage of food and water, and inhibiting circulation to the stomach and intestines.

We report an unusual case of acute gastric dilatation with subsequent necrosis of uncertain etiology. [] Results: The 23 patients with GOO included 11 with peptic ulcer as the etiology, eight with corrosive-induced and four with chronic pancreatitis (alcohol three, idiopathic one).

Description Diagnosis of dilatation of the stomach EPUB

the stomach without ulcerations, induration, or ob-struction. Cultures from the gastrointestinal tract were all negative for infectious pathogens.

Patient 5 A girl with PWS and deletion of 15q had 2 docu-mented episodes of acute gastric dilatation at age and 7 years. Clinical presentation and findings were consistent with the diagnosis. Symptomatology:—Dyspeptic symptoms are the first to appear. There is fulness after eating, pyrosis, belching of gas, pain on pressure over the stomach, a foul breath, coated tongue, constipation and occasionally vomiting, anorexia and discomfort.

The vomiting is characteristic. It is not frequent, but may occur at intervals of from three to. Abdominal distension occurs when substances, such as air (gas) or fluid, accumulate in the abdomen causing its expansion.

It is typically a symptom of an underlying disease or dysfunction in the body, rather than an illness in its own right. People suffering from this condition often describe it as "feeling bloated".Sufferers often experience a sensation of fullness, abdominal pressure, and.Bottom Line: En bloc resection including the distal region of the pancreas, spleen, stomach and part of the transverse colon was performed under the pre- and intraoperative diagnosis of an invasive malignant microscopy showed inflammatory cellular infiltrates (mainly neutrophils) around the pancreatogastric fistula, but there was no evidence of neoplastic epithelia lining the.Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) is a true emergency.

It is life-threatening. It begins as a rapid accumulation of air in the stomach causing the stomach to swell. This is the dilatation phase. If left untreated, the stomach may rotate or twist. This is known as torsion or volvulus.